Can You Drive Without A Catalytic Converter? Before answering this question, would like to give a hint of what a catalytic converter is. A Catalytic Converter is a tool, fitted to a car’s exhaust to reduce the pollution coming from it.
In other words, an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into less-toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction. These converters are usually used with internal combustion engines fueled by gasoline or diesel, including lean-burn engines, and sometimes on kerosene heaters and stoves.
Can You Drive Without A Catalytic Converter?
The Catalytic Converter is tougher than most parts found in the vehicle. Because it needs that toughness to withstand high operating temperatures. Although, regardless of its toughness, it can still break down or fail due to rust, impact damage, or engine performance issues.
Coming down to the key focus of this write-up, if the car the converter eventually breaks or fails while on the road, is it safe to keep driving your car? How long can you drive it before getting a replacement? To find the answers To these questions, continue reading.
Is It Possible To Drive With A Faulty Catalytic Converter?
The answer is Yes! Technically, older vehicles run just fine before catalytic converters became commonplace in the 1970s. So, if your question is whether your vehicle can run without one, then it most certainly will. The question you should be asking is if it’s risky to drive without the converter. Taking out or disabling the catalytic converter could cost you several thousand dollars in fines.
It’s illegal to tamper with the catalytic converter, and doing so could cost you several thousand dollars in fines. This is applicable in states like California, which has pretty strict laws regarding vehicle emissions.
Another issue is that removing the light-off catalyst from a modern car will trigger the check engine light due to the OBD 2 catalyst efficiency monitor. The light-off catalyst has an oxygen (O2) sensor that measures the oxygen storage capacity of that particular converter.
Six- and eight-cylinder engines will have two of these light-off converters, while four-cylinder engines will have only one. And for each light-off catalyst, there is an O2 sensor monitoring the exhaust stream directly behind that catalyst.
Furthermore, the rear catalyst isn’t monitored for O2 storage and won’t trigger the check engine light (MIL) if removed. But if that catalyst is taken out, it will always cause the vehicle to fail emissions testing. The front catalyst handles NOx and the rear catalyst handles CO and HC emissions because the same catalyst can’t handle all the three.
In states and cities where emissions testing is a requirement, removing either the front or rear catalytic converters will cause your car to fail the emissions test. As a result of that, you will be unable to get your registration renewed until the vehicle’s emissions system is restored to OEM specifications.
How Long Can You Drive Without a Catalytic Converter?
Cars can be driven without a catalytic converter. Yes, there are cars in non-emission testing areas that have had their catalytic converters removed. But removing a cat-con is against the law in some, in not all states, including those that don’t enforce emissions standards.
If you remove the converter yourself, just know that intentionally disabling the emission system on a car is considered a serious offence. And the government can legally fine you many thousands of dollars for doing so.
If someone has removed your catalytic converter to sell the converter for scrap, you will know from the sound as soon as you start the vehicle. In cases like this, you may be able to file an insurance claim to have the exhaust system repaired, at least if your insurance will cover it.
Is it Safe to Drive With a Bad Catalytic Converter?
There’s a difference between a missing catalytic converter and a faulty one. If the car can take you down to your destination, then it’s safe. However, safety is not a factor, if the converter is missing or faulty. Thus, you’ll want to replace the converter as soon as you discover the failure or theft.
Make sure you don’t buy cars where their converter is removed unless you plan to repair the exhaust to make it legal again so that you can be legally safe. A bad converter means increased tailpipe emissions, even if you don’t see or smell anything from the exhaust. Which is not environmentally friendly.
And, carbon monoxide can kill people in enclosed spaces. The risk is more when there are exhaust leaks and the vehicle is idling for an extended period with people inside. Also, if the converter has mechanically failed to the point that it restricts exhaust flow, it will cause engine performance problems.
Signs of a Faulty or Bad Catalytic Converter
There are warning signs that your vehicle’s catalytic converter is bad or faulty. They include:
- Illuminated check engine light
- Lack of acceleration
- Hard starting or a car that won’t start at all
However, in most cases, the only sign of a failed converter will be an illuminated check engine light. But in cases where the converter becomes clogged or restricted, issues such as lack of acceleration, stalling, and hard starting may occur.