Czech Republic School System comprises elementary education, secondary education, and Tertiary education. Children between the age of 2-5, attends preschool, which is generally not funded by the state until the year before elementary school.
However, after attending preschool, they proceed to elementary education. And parents are not charged for tuition, nevertheless, they must provide, stationery, and food for their children.
Czech Republic School System
Elementary education is compulsory for children from ages six to fifteen. After elementary education, some students leave formal education altogether, while other students go for professional or vocational school. Czech’s education system is managed by the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports.
The Czech school system is based on a long tradition starting in 1774 when mandatory school attendance was instituted. Children begin with preschool and continue on to elementary, secondary, university, and post-graduate education.
The classification system used in the Czech school system consists of a scale from 1 – 5 that is used to evaluate the students’ work.
Pre-School/ Elementary School
Children between 2-5 may enroll in preschool (not compulsory) before they begin compulsory elementary education. Further, preschool enrollment is guaranteed for children in their last year before entering elementary school, but they often attend as early as 4 years of age. What is the reason for Preschool?
Preschools are intended to encourage early learning habits and facilitate social contact among peers, both of which are instrumental for a child’s smooth transition to elementary education. It also helps to evaluate their intellectual and educational levels before entering elementary school.
Czech elementary education lasts for the period of nine years, usually from the ages of 6 -15. Mostly, children attend a regular 9-year elementary school, which is divided into two stages: A primary and lower secondary stage, where the primary stage encompasses grades 1-5, while the lower secondary stage is grades 6-9.
After completing the lower secondary school, the child moves to the upper Secondary school. Upper secondary school can be either general or vocational, is generally four years in length (grades 10 to 13), and is not considered mandatory.
At this level, vocational education is much more common than general secondary education. Students who graduate with a vocational certificate often do not continue in the classical education system, and instead, pursue a career in their chosen area of study right away.
Tertiary/ University Education
Tertiary or university education has to do with all studies gained after successful completion of primary and secondary education. University education is available to all applicants who have completed secondary education (i.e., final exam) that one who has successfully passed the entrance exam.
However, the system of entrance exams is designed specifically by each individual college and serves for testing the knowledge and skills of applicants. Most universities offer accredited bachelor’s, master’s, and engineering degrees.
Bachelor’s degree: A bachelor’s degree is usually a three-year course of study in which students get a primary survey of highly specialized areas. Students can either leave their studies after these three years, or they can complete it by means of a final exam including the defense of a bachelor’s thesis or may continue on to the master’s program.
Master’s Degree: A master’s degree consists of either a five or six-year study program or a two-year program after the successful completion of a bachelor’s degree. In obtaining a master’s degree, students gain both a basic survey of highly specialized subjects and a certain grade of specialization.
Doctorate degree: After students successfully completed the bachelor’s degree and master’s degree programs, some continue their specialization through doctoral programs. Passing this program is often conditioned with certain published work and sometimes also by training.