Linux is one of the open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first launched on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. It is typically packaged in a Linux distribution.
However, Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and libraries, many of which are provided by the GNU Project. Lots of its distributions use the word “Linux” in their name, but the Free Software Foundation makes use of the name “GNU/Linux” to emphasize the importance of GNU software, causing some controversy.
Popular Linux distributions include the following; Debian, Fedora, and Ubuntu. While commercial distributions include Red Hat Enterprise Linux and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server. Also, Desktop Linux distributions include a windowing system such as X11 or Wayland, and a desktop environment such as GNOME or KDE Plasma.
Nevertheless, distributions intended for servers may omit graphics altogether, or include a solution stack such as LAMP, this is because it is freely redistributable, anyone may create a distribution for any purpose.
Linux was initially created for personal computers based on the Intel x86 architecture, but has since been ported to more platforms than any other operating system. Due to the dominance of the Linux-based Android on smartphones, it also has the largest installed base of all general-purpose operating systems. Though it is used by only around 2.3 percent of desktop computers, the Chromebook, which runs the Linux kernel-based Chrome OS, dominates the US K–12 education market and represents nearly 20 percent of sub-$300 notebook sales in the US.
The software also runs on devices whose operating system is typically built into the firmware and is highly tailored to the system. Devices such as routers, automation controls, smart home technology (like Google Nest), televisions (Samsung and LG Smart TVs use Tizen and WebOS, respectively), automobiles (for example, Tesla, Audi, Mercedes-Benz, Hyundai, and Toyota all rely on Linux),[digital video recorders, video game consoles, and smartwatches.
Linux Mint is one of the most popular desktop Linux distributions and used by millions of people across the globe. The main purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system that is both powerful and easy to use.
- It works perfectly out of the box, with full multimedia support and is extremely easy to use.
- The software is free of cost and open source.
- It’s community-driven.
- Based on Debian and Ubuntu, it has about 30,000 packages and one of the best software managers.
- Linux mint is safe and reliable. All thanks to a conservative approach to software updates, a its Update Manager and the robustness of its Linux architecture, it also requires very little maintenance (no regressions, no antivirus, no anti-spyware…etc).
Linux Mint 20.2 is a long term support release and will be supported until 2025. This version comes with updated software and brings refinements and lots of new and outstanding features to make your desktop even more comfortable to use.
How to Download Linux
Install Linux using USB stick; This is one of the simplest process of installing Ubuntu or any distribution on your computer. Here are the steps to install Ubuntu from USB.
- Proceed to download the .iso or the OS files on your computer.
- Download free software like ‘Universal USB installer to make a bootable USB stick.
- Choose an Ubuntu Distribution form the dropdown to put on your USB
- Click on your Ubuntu iso file download in step 1.
- Tap on the drive letter of USB to install Ubuntu and click the create button.
- Press the YES button to Install Ubuntu in USB.
- After the installation and configuration, a small window will appear Congratulations! You now have Ubuntu on a USB stick, bootable and ready to go.
Installing Linux using CD-ROM
- Download the .iso or the OS files onto your computer from this link http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop.
- Then, burn the files to a CD.
- Finally, boot your computer from the optical drive and follow the instructions as they come.
These are procedures to install Linux on your PC.