Types of Stocks. A stock is a form of security that indicates the holder has proportionate ownership in the issuing corporation and is sold predominantly on stock exchanges. Stock represents a share in the ownership of a company, including a claim on the company’s earnings and assets.

Types of Stocks
Types of Stocks

As such, stockholders are partial owners of the company. When the value of the business rises or falls, so does the value of the stock. It is a type of security that gives stockholders a share of ownership in a company.

Types of Stocks

A stock is a share in the ownership of a company. A bond is an agreement to lend money to a company for a certain amount of time. Companies sell securities to people to get the money they need to grow. People buy securities as investments or ways of possibly earning money.

When most people think of stocks, they typically think of publicly listed shares traded on the stock exchange. However, it’s important for investors to know the different types of stocks available, understand their unique characteristics, and be able to determine when they may represent a suitable investment.

Below, we outline the various stock categories, aiming to take the confusion out of the differing stock classes on offer to investors. If you are looking for the types of stocks to buy, carefully go through the following listed below:

Types of Stocks to Buy

Common Stocks

Common stock is a security that represents ownership in a corporation. Holders of common stock elect the board of directors and vote on corporate policies. This form of equity ownership typically yields higher rates of return over the long term. Common stock represents a residual ownership stake in a company.

A common stock gives shareholders theoretically unlimited upside potential, but they also risk losing everything if the company fails without having any assets left over. When you own common stock, it gives you the right to vote on board members and other corporate issues at a company’s annual meeting. Generally, one share equals one vote.

Preferred Stocks

This stock is a class of stock that is granted certain rights that differ from common stock. Preferred stock often possesses higher dividend payments and a higher claim to assets in the event of liquidation. It is a type of stock that has characteristics of both stocks and bonds. Like bonds, preferred shares make cash payouts, often at a higher yield than bonds, while offering higher dividend returns and less risk than common stock.

Preferred stock pays its holders guaranteed dividends in addition to the chance for price appreciation you get with shares of common stock. If a company’s common stock pays dividends, the preferred stock dividend may very well be higher. Preferred stock shareholders are also more likely to receive some kind of compensation if the company becomes insolvent.

Mid-cap Stocks

Mid-cap stocks are stocks of companies with medium-sized market capitalizations or valuations. They’re so named because they fall between small-cap and large-cap stocks. A stock is classified as mid-cap when the total value of all of the company’s shares outstanding falls between $2 billion and $10 billion.

Mid-cap stocks are seen as a key tool in portfolio diversification because they provide a balance of growth and stability. Some of the stocks classified as mid-cap include Park Hotels & Resorts Inc., DCP Midstream LP, and Range Resources Corp. Mid-cap stocks can offer the potential for growth as they expand their share of the markets where they do business. Plus, they’re often the target of mergers or acquisitions by large-cap companies.

Penny Stocks

A penny stock refers to the stock of a small company that typically trades for less than $5 per share. By contrast, penny stocks are low-quality companies whose stock prices are extremely inexpensive, typically less than $1 per share. With dangerously speculative business models, penny stocks are prone to schemes that can drain your entire investment. It’s important to know about the dangers of penny stocks.

Growth Stocks and Value Stocks

Growth stocks are those companies that are considered to have the potential to outperform the overall market over time because of their future potential. These stocks are defined as those with 5-year average sales growth above 15%. Growth stocks tend to outperform during times of economic expansion and when interest rates are low. For instance, technology stocks have significantly outperformed in recent years, fueled by a robust economy and access to cheap funding.

Value stocks are classified as companies that are currently trading below what they are really worth and will thus provide a superior return. A value stock is one that trades for a lower price than its financial performance and fundamentals suggest it is worth.


Here are some frequently asked questions about the types of stocks:

What are the seven types of stocks?

These are the main types of stocks that you need to be aware of.

  • Large-cap stocks.
  • mid-cap stocks
  • Small-cap stocks.
  • Growth stocks.
  • Value stocks.
  • IPO stocks.
  • Dividend stocks.
  • Non-dividend stocks.
What are the two main types of stock?

There are two main types of stocks: common stock and preferred stock.

  • Common Stock.  Common stock is, well, common.
  • Preferred Stock.  Preferred stock represents some degree of ownership in a company but usually comes with the same voting rights.
  • Different classes of stock.
What is the most common type of stock?

Common stock is the most widely available type of share issued by a company and is what you will likely encounter when trading stocks on an exchange. These shares typically come with voting rights, but they are the last in line in the preference order of being repaid if a company goes bankrupt.

How do you classify stocks?

Stocks can be classified into multiple categories based on various parameters, including the size of the company, dividend payment, industry, risk, volatility, and fundamentals. Stocks on the basis of ownership rules: This is the most basic parameter for classifying stocks.

How do stocks work?

How do stocks work? A stock is a type of investment in a company. Companies issue stock shares to raise money in order to finance operational needs and fuel growth, and investors buy those stock shares for the opportunity to generate a return on their investment.



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